Early literacy efforts are, needless to say, an ongoing concern for school districts across the US and the world. The pendulum on what methodology is best has swung in enough directions to make the average teacher dizzy. What constitutes good reading instruction?
The International Reading Association adopted standards in 2005 that are research-based and worth revisiting. The IRA recommends that effective early childhood educators:
- Recognize the importance of language and literacy experiences relative to achievement
- Integrate early literacy experiences into the curriculum
- Connect physical, emotional, and social goals in the language and literacy curriculum
- Develop appropriate language and literacy standards
- Create a language and literacy program that is culturally competent
- Participate in professional development opportunities to stay up-to-date on evidence-based practice
For more info, see the IRA link below:
The question we must continually ask ourselves is, “What do those standards look like in the primary grades?” What would an observer “see” in the classroom that demonstrates those standards? The third bullet above is a poignant reminder that early literacy skills are best honed in a classroom that capitalizes on the social, emotional, and physical connections to learning. Yes, strong literacy skills are a must for every teacher, but if they are unable to connect with students on a personal level, their success will be limited.
The other theme running through the IRA’s recommendations is that language and literacy are complementary skills. Students in the primary grades must be exposed to a language-rich environment. Reading skills will grow much quicker and deeper in a dynamic classroom that promotes discussion, movement, play, theater, and student autonomy. A teacher who structures the classroom for student-choice will develop the independence in students that they need to succeed in life.
What do you expect to see in the primary grades when it comes to reading? What indicators tell you that a classroom is literacy rich? Join #mdeschat this Thursday 8PM ET and share, or add a comment below!