Part III (of VII)
Principals who utilize shared leadership practices enhance vision and trust.
Shared leadership and the development of a living and meaningful vision are closely linked. Skillful leaders focus their attention on the key aspects of a school’s vision and work to communicate that vision clearly (Leithwood & Riehl, 2003). They emphasize new possibilities and promote a compelling vision of the future due to their own strong sense of purpose (Tucker & Russell, 2004).
Traditional views of leadership are based on an assumption of powerlessness, which diminishes the potential of vision. In organizations truly dedicated to learning, vision is cooperatively developed with all stakeholders (Leech & Fulton, 2008). With shared leadership, no one is asked to sacrifice his or her personal interests to the team; rather “the shared vision becomes an extension of each individual’s personal vision” (Senge, 1990).
The concept and application of trust is central to shared leadership. When principals share leadership, they raise trust levels throughout their community. Daly and Chrispeels (2005) explored trust and efficacy in relation to moving schools from deficit orientations to strengths-based approaches. They noted that trust “can ameliorate organizational stress.” They added that trust alone is not enough, “individual and collective beliefs of efficacy are also necessary strengths-based components for building school capacity.” They identified trust, efficacy, and positive psychology as essential in developing positive organizations.
The relationship between trust and shared leadership is reciprocal, which makes it difficult to isolate within the context of shared leadership. In 2008, Slater studied how principals use communication strategies to foster the empowerment of stakeholders within the context of collaborative initiatives. The researcher noted that traditional hierarchical approaches to leadership are “less likely to involve shared leadership norms that promote collaboration and resultantly enhance trust.”